Here’s All You Need To Know About The Everest Base Camp Trek!

14 days, 160km trek, 2615km ascent, 5365m altitude, 50% reduced oxygen levels, temperatures down to -25°c – this is the Everest Base Camp (EBC) trek.

Mt. Everest in all its glory

But don’t be put off, you should be excited!

With the right equipment (details to follow), the knowledge of an experienced guide at your side and with an adventure-seeking spirit, anyone can complete this spectacular trek to the base of the Earth’s tallest peak.

Nestled among the vast Himalayan mountain range, straddling the borders of Nepal and Tibet stands the mighty Mount Everest. The holy grail for many mountaineers, climbers and bucket-list enthusiasts. The privilege of getting up close and personal with this wonder of nature was once reserved for an elite few of experienced and wealthy adventurers. Not anymore. Nowadays, reaching EBC is not only achievable physically but with a multitude of travel companies offering deals to get you to EBC, its affordable too.

Booking your trek

Booking months in advance is not necessary. For the more laid back traveler, booking your trek after arriving in Kathmandu shouldn’t be a problem as there is no shortage of guides ready and waiting to take you to the mountains. For those who like the peace of mind of knowing that everything is sorted before arrival though, like I did, then a quick search on Google for government registered tour operators will provide you with plenty of choice.

I picked a few Kathmandu companies and sent out e-mails. After a few exchanges with a couple of companies I settled with Green Valley Nepal Treks. Their EBC package took care of everything on the 14 day trek including a pick-up and drop-off at Kathmandu Airport and 3 nights accommodation in Thamel, the tourist hub of Kathmandu, at the price of $1047 USD or 70,000 Nepalese rupees (approximately).

On arrival in Kathmandu I got to meet my guide Gopi, a lovely and highly experienced local guide, a couple of days before my trek started which was great as the thought of spending 14 days with a complete stranger made me a little bit nervous!

Me Gopi and Bihr
Me with my guide Gopi (right) and my porter Bihr (left). Both a guide and porter should be included in your EBC Trek package.

Best time to visit

It’s possible to complete the trek all-year around however there is an off peak season (November – January and June-August) and a peak season (February – May and September – October). I started my trek at the end of October, a great time to trek.

The equipment you’ll need

You need to come well-prepared. The weather conditions and the terrain on the EBC trek can be challenging so having appropriate equipment is a must. A pair of strong, comfortable and preferably water-proof walking boots is essential. Make sure wear them enough before you start the trek – don’t leave it until you start trekking to break them in.

A comfy day-pack (25-35L is good), a light, water-proof jacket, a fleece, 3 dry-fit t-shirts, 2 warm base layers, 2 pairs of trousers (one water-proof and one thermal-lined), a few pairs of thick socks, a warm hat and gloves, a balaclava that covers your nose and mouth as it can be very dusty, sunglasses to prevent sun or snow blindness and factor 30+ sun cream. You may also want to bring a couple of packs of baby wipes as toilet paper is a luxury on the trek and they also come in handy to freshen up when you don’t quite fancy a freezing shower in sub-zero temperatures!

All packed and ready for EBC

Whilst every piece of  gear a trekker could dream of can be picked up in Thamel I personally would recommend buying the essentials from an authentic retailer before you head off on your trip. Whilst they may be cheaper in Thamel they are mostly knock-offs of brands and therefore aren’t of the same quality (North Fake, anyone?) I did however rent my down jacket and my sleeping bag from one of the many rental places in Thamel for around $1 or 70 Nepalese rupees per day.

 Day 1: Kathmandu to Lukla – Gateway to the Himalayas and start of the Everest Base Camp Trekking Route

Day 1 of your trek starts with an early journey into the small Himalayan town of Lukla, the gateway to the EBC. This is a heart-stopping, thrill-seeking adventure in its own right. Dubbed ‘the world’s most dangerous airport’ due to its runway off the edge of a steep cliff, this short, yet highly memorable 30-minute flight to Lukla Airport is guaranteed to distract your nerves away from the trek at hand. If you’re able to, sit on the left side of the plane to catch your first glimpse of the Himalayan mountains. This stunning scenery is sure to answer the question that’s bound to be racing through your mind, ‘why am I doing this again?!?!’

Lukla Airport
Lukla Airport – the ‘world’s most dangerous airport’

Once you’ve recovered from that experience the trek begins with a 3 hour easy going trek to Phadking reaching 2800m altitude.

Day 2: Lukla to Namche Bazar

Day 2 begins with an easy-moderate 3-hour trek to your lunch stop. From here the fun really starts. For the next 3 hours you will trek on a constant steep incline. Just when you start to feel as though your legs have escaped on the next flight back to Kathmandu you’ll catch your first glimpse of Mount Everest in the distance and you’ll quickly forget about the last 3 hours of torture. You’ll end day 2 at Namche Bazaar, a lively and populated mountain village at 3500m.

 Day 3: Rest (or acclimatisation day) at Namche Bazar

Day 3 is a ‘rest day’ or ‘acclimatization day’. If you think that means you get to put your feet up and relax, think again. After an optional visit to a museum of Sherpa culture (the name given to those who live in the mountains) it’s a 1 ½ hour steep climb to The Mountain Viewpoint Hotel for an incredible view of Mount Everest.

Namche Bazar
Me at Namche Bazar

Day 4: Namche Bazar to Tengboche Monastery

On Day 4 the trek really starts to get challenging. The first 2 ½ hours is pretty flat, winding around mountains with a big descent down to the river. You’ll lose quite a bit of altitude in this part and spend the next 3 hours making up for it. This was probably the toughest part of the trek but the view that awaits you at the top at Tengbouche is unbelievable.

 Day 5: Tengboche to Dingboche

On Day 5 you’ll reach 4000m and the terrain will change as you reach Dingboche. It’ll be much colder during the day and you’ll need your down jacket from this point.

Views of Everest
Buddhist stupa and prayer flags with spectacular views of Everest

Day 6:  Lobuche Base Camp

Day 6 and you’re now trekking through the harsh wilderness of the Himalayas on your way to Lobuche. There’s snow, there’s ice and there’s not much around besides Mother Nature in all her magnificent glory. At just below 5000m, the trek is tough, and each step feels like a greater effort. What’ll keep you going is the thought that in less than 24 hours you’ll be standing at EBC.
me on EBC
Almost at EBC

 Day 7: The Big One!! Lobuche to Gorakshep to EBC

Day 7 you start early and trek 2 ½ hours to Gorakshep. From here you’re roughly 2 hours from EBC. Here I can remember only 2 things. The first being how completely quiet and still everything was around me and the second being the fact I was running on nothing but pure adrenaline. And then there I was. Take in every single blissful breath and revel in your massive accomplishment. Oh, and don’t forget to take a cheeky selfie next to the EBC sign!

Selfie at EBC
Selfie at EBC

Day 8 – Day 14: Back to Lukla

Day 8 through to Day 14 you be making your way back down to Lukla via some tiny mountain villages of Dangbouche, Pangbouche, Phortse and then back to Namche Bazaar where from here you’ll lap the first part of your trek on the way up. I found myself relaxing a lot more on the trek back. I even treated myself to a couple of *lukewarm* showers. Absolute heaven.

There will be some crying, but that’s okay…

Many people fear they aren’t ‘fit enough’ to do the EBC trek. Of course the fitter you feel the more pleasant your trekking experience will be however I saw people of all ages (up to 85!) and all fitness levels complete the trek. Your guide should walk at your pace and the 14 day allows you plenty of time so there’s no need to rush yourself.

The biggest consideration is the risks around trekking at high altitudes. There’s really no way of telling how your body will cope with this and there’s not actually much you can do to prepare for it. The best thing you can do is take it slow and acclimatize properly. Don’t climb too high too fast and if you do notice signs of symptoms (a headache, nausea) descend straight away. This doesn’t necessarily mean you have to abandon your trek completely; it may just be a sign that your body needs more time to get used to the altitude.

Flight to Lukla
Stunning view of the Himalayas. Sit on the right side of the plane whilst flying back to Kathmandu to grab a photo!

The trek is tough. You’ll probably cry, you’ll definitely sweat and there’s a good chance that you’ll shed a little blood (hopefully nothing more serious than a blister). You’ll have moments where you question your sanity and you’ll have moments where you wonder why it took you so long to do it. You’ll be pushed to the limits of your comforts and you’ll feel like you want to give up. But you won’t. You’ll carry on another day because you know that what awaits you each day is reason enough to keep going. You’ll be pushed to the limits of your comfort, and further still. But long after the blisters have healed and the sun burn on your nose has faded, what you’ll feel is an indescribable sense of accomplishment that you did it. And my goodness, that makes it all so worth it.


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